Tag: Diamonds

Clean Pearls, Opals and Other Fine Jewelry Safely

Cleaning pearls

Pearls are unique because they are a delicate organic material. Pearls have a certain life span. Unlike diamonds, a pearl’s life span can be shortened if not stored or nurtured with proper care.

  • Firstly, never use anything abrasive to clean pearls. Instead damp the pearls with clean water and use a soft clean cloth to wipe them.
  • Once the pearl is wiped, allow them to dry completely before you put them away.
  • Also make sure that you do not use soap on pearls, because it can dissolve the smooth and reflective outside shell of the pearl.
  • Always store pearls in a clean box and never suffocate them in plastic bags.

Cleaning opals

Opals require special care since they are relatively soft, porous and usually fragile. Never use harsh cleaners on opals. You can either use a soft brush or a clean linen cloth to remove the light amounts of grim on your opal. If you feel that your opal has lost its luster and shine do visit an opal specialist nearby.

Cleaning emeralds

Emerald is less hard than diamonds and requires gentle care. You can dip your emerald in warm lukewarm water and dry it with a clean linen cloth. Once the emerald is dry use a soft smooth brush to clean its hard-to-reach areas. At times, emerald may need to be re-oiled after several years, and this procedure should only be done by a professional.

Cleaning diamonds

Diamonds are the hardest substance known, however it’s important you take proper care of the stone, so that they don’t lose their natural sparkle and shine.

  • If you want to clean your beautiful diamonds, dip them in a warm solution of water and mild detergent for a few minutes.
  • Next gently scrub the diamond with a soft toothbrush.
  • After scrubbing you have to rinse the diamond in plain warm water to remove any remaining detergent.
  • Lastly wipe the diamond dry with a clean cloth.
  • Diamonds that have not been fracture filled can be easily cleaned with an ammonia solution and water. Likewise, use a gentle liquid detergent solution for fracture filled diamonds, since ammonia might gradually either cloud or remove the coating that’s been covered on the stone.

Note: Solutions like chlorine; bleach etc. can discolor your diamond. Hence it’s important that you avoid using harsh solutions while cleaning the diamonds. Also, avoid keeping two diamonds together in a box, since they tend to scratch each other.

General jewelry cleaning tips

First and foremost, never wear jewelry while showering, swimming or sleeping since they are easily prone to scratches and blemishes. Always wear your jewelry once you have completed your make up. Make sure you keep everyday substances like body creams, lotions, hair sprays, and perfumes away from your jewelry, since they make the jewelry look more dull and gloomy.

Few tips to keep in mind while cleaning your jewelry:

  • It’s important that you wash jewelry in a clean bowl and not in the sink so that nothing gets lost down the drain.
  • Clean one piece at a time and avoid applying too much pressure on jewelry while cleaning.
  • Use mild soaps and solutions while cleaning any jewelry.
  • If you are using a tooth brush to clean the miniature areas of jewelry, then make sure the bristles of the brush are soft and smooth.
  • Your jewelry prongs and settings also need to be handled with care, since they might get loose while cleaning.
  • Lastly, don’t dump your jewelry all together in a box. Store your jewelry neatly in a clean box or wrap it in a soft cloth.

Facts About Colored Diamonds

Diamonds are one of the purest forms of carbon, crystallized more than a 100 km beneath the earth’s surface for centuries. They grow under tremendous heat and must be transported to the earth’s surface in less than an hour or two by volcanic activity. In a way, diamonds are snap-frozen. If the journey is too long, the stone may return to its graphite form or carbonaceous gas.

Other atoms, sometimes, get trapped in a diamond during its violent journey to the surface. Nitrogen is the most common and even the tiniest amount causes absorption of blue light that lends the diamond its yellow color. The Argyle diamond, mined in Australia, is an exception because it is actually very pure. The cause of the signature pink color is a work of nature which means more inclusions from other sources than other types of diamonds.

Champagne

These are brownish or champagne colored stones that adore a variety of diamond changeable pendants set. They are also one of the most affordable varieties, costing a third of the price of a white diamond. The lighter champagne diamonds are more popular as they sparkle more. The intense colored ones are also popular because they are unusual. So demand and supply of such diamonds are balanced.

Blue

The naturally occurring blue diamond has a light bluish-grey tint. It is more “steely” colored than sapphire. The Hope Diamond, of course, is the most famous among its peers. It’s steeped in legends of ghastly deaths that befell its owners from guillotining in the French Revolution to the suicide of a Wall Street broker in 1930.

Green

These stones get their shade when they come in contact with radioactive materials like uranium. The radiation stains the diamond’s exterior. The cutter has to be careful not to shave off too much of the surface. A laboratory analysis is required to confirm that the radiation was natural. Buyers beware of your diamond changeable pendants set.

Orange and yellow

Fancy colored diamond changeable pendants set should have more color than Z according to the GIA D-Z grading scale. Yellow diamonds come in a range of shades ranging from amber to greenish yellow. The price is similar to white diamonds and the price increases with the color intensity.

Many diamond connoisseurs describe intense yellow diamonds as “canary”. The burnt orange colored ones are less expensive than pure orange or gold colors.

Buying Rough Diamonds Jewelry

These are the natural unpolished diamonds, dug out from the depths of the mines and appear like shards of glass usually found on the beach. They are white, off white and comes in vivid colors like yellow, brown and green. As per stats, more than 5000 classifications of raw diamond are possible and one can sort them according to gem quality, industrial quality and crushing boart.

Usually, they accompany a lower price tag as compared to polished diamonds, but very few are able to pass the gem-quality standard and qualify to become rough diamonds. To be precise, only 20% of the diamonds removed from the earth in natural state every year possess gem-quality. The remaining 80% have inferior quality and popular as industrial diamonds.

The criteria to choose rough diamonds are different from the selection of polished diamonds. While cut, color, carat and quality are the 4C’s to determine the excellence of a polished diamonds, their rough counterparts do not have any regulated set of evaluation standards. At the most, one can sort them as per the size, color, and shapes of the crystals. This is perhaps the reasons why it is often tough to know their exact price.

Tips to buy rough diamonds

If you are among the rare ones to express your love for rough diamonds jewelry, here are some valuable points to consider while buying the same:

  • Shop in the daylight: The true color of the diamond is more likely to surface in the broad daylight and with a northern exposure.
  • Color test: You can use diamond color test grader to know the color of the stone under a daylight lamp. Just put it inside the grader, press gently on the paperboard and check out the color.
  • First timer: If you are new to purchasing rough diamond, it is advisable to use a diamond tester, to make sure that the stone is diamond instead of a simulant.
  • Analyze: It is important to check the rough diamond to know its weight after polishing. Sever other essential criteria worthy to take care of before buying include rough shape, internal stress, crystallizations deformations, etc.
  • Be attentive: If your salesperson tries to convince you about the color improvement of raw diamond during cutting, then beware. There is no such rule; the salesperson might be trying to deceive you.
  • Bring your testing tools: As a beginner, you may have hard time knowing how to differentiate between the fake and real raw diamonds jewelry. To avoid the confusion, it is better to take your own testing equipment and materials like diamond tester, polariscope, loupe 10 X, scale, and so on.