A Gemstone with Kaleidoscope of Colors
This sparkling gemstone occurs in a wide array of colors. The red color sapphire is known as “Ruby.” Sapphire and Ruby are from the same variety of mineral i.e. corundum. Traces of elements like iron, chromium, copper and magnesium gives corundum the colors like blue, red, yellow and purple respectively. The gemstones with the color other than blue are termed as fancy sapphire. In addition, the price of gemstone with blue color is high, compared to other colored ones. However, the value of Padparadscha – the orange-pink variety of this gem is greater than blue stones.
Symbol of Holiness, Wisdom, and Virtue
In early civilizations, kings and high clerics preferred this beautiful stone as their choice of gemstone since it represents divine favor. It decorated their robes for a long time. Also, the British Crown Jewels has large blue gems, as it symbolized wisdom and virtue. Often known as September birthstone, it is the gemstone for the sign of Taurus. It is also the traditional fifth and 45th wedding anniversary gift. In fact, Princess Diana wore a sapphire engagement ring, chosen by Prince Charles.
Properties and Characteristics
Sapphire is one of the hardest and highly durable gemstone. Measuring nine on the Mohs scale, the hardness of this gem is second to diamond. Furthermore, the absence of cleavage plane makes it even harder to cut with a single blow. Insoluble and infusible, it has a melting point higher than 2000 degree centigrade. In fact, the synthetic version of this gem is used to increase the durability of various instruments. The same strength allows the sapphire jewelry items to remain intact for generations.
Ancient civilizations believed different sapphire to hold unique psychic properties and provide relief from various ailments. The gemstone is believed to bring confidence and relief from anxiety and sadness. The gemstone is also thought to enhance the wisdom and prosperity while increasing strength with spiritual awakening.
Origin of the Royal Gem
This royal gem is found all across the globe, categorized as per the appearance and chemical-impurity concentrations. It is commercially mined in Afghanistan, Cambodia, China, India, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam, USA, and Vietnam. Deposits in Kashmir (India), Myanmar, and Sri Lanka source high-quality sapphire compared to other locations. The wide variety of sapphire gemstones includes:
- Cornflower Blue
- Cat’s Eye
- Blue Alexandrite
Significance in Jewelry
Sapphire is one of the “four most prized gemstones,” which also includes ruby, emerald, and beautiful diamond. Today, it is found in a wide array of jewelry items such as rings, earrings, pendants, and bracelets. Sapphire gemstone jewelry offers a regal touch to the appearance of the wearer. Most popular of this jewelry is the pendant worn by Kate Winslet in the movie “Titanic.”